Main Organiser

Julius Centre University of Malaya

Co-organiser

Department of Social and Preventive Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Malay

Supported by

University of Malaya

HIGH PREVALENCE OF DIABETIC COMPLICATIONS AMONGST THE I TAUKEI (INDIGENOUS FIJIANS) POPULATION IN FIJI

Author

Mataitini L T

Institution

College Of Medicine Nursing And Health Sciences/School Of Nursing

Abstract

Objectives: This exploratory study investigated the incidence of diabetic complications amongst the I Taukei population (Indigenous) in Fiji.

Methods: Health statistics in the past decade reported by Fiji's MOH showed an alarming increase of NCDs and more importantly the complications of Diabetes amongst the i Taukei population.

Results: The result shows the prevalence of diabetic complications amongst the i Taukei (Indigenous Fijian) population compared to other ethnic groups living in Fiji. There are many factors believed to be contributing to the indigenous population persistent prevalence of Diabetes and its complications amongst the i Taukei population. These are: Increasingly sedentary lifestyle. Rural/Urban drift Adoption of an urban lifestyle Socio-Economic factors. Poor attitude towards the disease Lack of knowledge towards the disease.

Conclusion: Recently the concern is that, there are Indigenous Fijians presenting themselves very late with foot sepsis either in the hospital's general outpatient department or in the Diabetic Foot Clinic with complications. Findings from this study indicate that the risks and impacts of the high number of I Taukei diabetics is far much greater than what has been initially thought of. The socio- economic impact of the disease and its effect on the wellbeing a family as well as the socio- economic status and productivity capacity of Fiji as a nation is at stake. The results of this study should assist in the development of health promotional guidelines for nurses and other primary health care providers in teaching the i Taukei population on the prevention of Diabetes and its complications and also support the development of NCDs policies for Fiji's population.