Main Organiser

Julius Centre University of Malaya

Co-organiser

Department of Social and Preventive Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Malay

Supported by

University of Malaya

FACTORS INFLUENCING THE TRANSITION OF SMOKING STAGES AMONG SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS: THE PREVALENCE OF DIFFERENT STAGES AND ITS ASSOCIATED FACTORS

Author

Premila Devi Jeganathan

Institution

University Malaya

Abstract

Objectives: To identify the prevalence of different stages of smoking and its associated factors.

Methods: A total of 2330 form one students were assessed using a self-administered questionnaire. Ever smokers were categorized as experimenters, current smokers or ex-smokers, whereas non- smokers were divided to never smokers and susceptible never smokers.

Results: Overall 16.2% were ever smokers. 6.3%, 6.6% and 3.3% had experimented, regularly smoked and had quit smoking respectively. Susceptible never smokers were 22.8% of the non- smokers. 7.7% of the ever smokers were female experimenters, 14.1% were single parent families and 28.2% were Malay current smokers. School connectedness, school adjustment parental monitoring, parent teen conflict, home ban, parent’s expectation, peer influence, health knowledge and personal factors (self-efficacy, religiosity, self esteem, life satisfaction, stress and sensation seeking) were associated to more intense smoking behavior.

Conclusion: This study included only form one students, thus the lower percentage of current smokers. These findings suggest parents' role in monitoring their children, having higher expectation of them, restrictions on smoking at home and avoiding conflicts may reduce adolescents smoking. Schools role in ensuring students adjust to the school environment and feel connected to their schools may also reduce or prevent school children from smoking. Personal factors have been consistently with smoking.