Main Organiser

Julius Centre University of Malaya

Co-organiser

Department of Social and Preventive Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Malay

Supported by

University of Malaya

PREDICTORS OF HANDGRIP STRENGTH AMONG ADULTS OF A RURAL MULTI- ETHNIC COMMUNITY IN A DEVELOPING COUNTRY

Author

Moy FM, Azlan D, Noran N H

Institution

Julius Centre University of Malaya, Department of Social & Preventive Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Malaya

Abstract

Objectives: To determine the predictors of handgrip strength among adults of a rural multi- ethnic community in Pahang, Malaysia.

Methods: This was a cross sectional study using multi-stage sampling. A total of 1250 households were selected from five districts in Pahang, Malaysia. All adults aged 30 years and above from each household were invited for our study. Structured questionnaire on socio-demographic characteristics, medical history, lifestyle practices, and measurements including anthropometry, blood pressure and handgrip strength were taken following standard protocols.

Results: There were a total of 2199 respondents with 55.2% females and Malays was the majority (93.8%). Their mean (SD) age was 53.4 (13.2) years. Females had significantly lower handgrip strength compared to males (p<0.05). In the multiple linear regression model, predictors of handgrip strength for males were age, types of job, height and diabetes; while for females were age, weight, height and diabetes only. Older age and diabetes were associated with lower handgrip strength while weight and height were positively associated with handgrip strength. For males, heavy manual jobs were associated with higher handgrip strength.

Conclusion: Other than age, height and diabetes being predictors for all respondents, occupation factor such as types of job were significant predictors among males only.