Main Organiser

Julius Centre University of Malaya

Co-organiser

Department of Social and Preventive Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Malay

Supported by

University of Malaya

FACTORS ASSOCIATED WITH POOR GYLCAEMIC CONTROL AMONG OLDER DIABETIC PATIENTS ATTENDING A PRIMARY CARE CLINIC

Author

Zaiton A, Akmal NA, Salmiah MS, Zaitun Y

Institution

Universiti Putra Malaysia

Abstract

Objectives: This study aims to determine the factors associated with poor glycaemic control among older Type 2 diabetes mellitus.

Methods: A cross sectional study was conducted in a primary care clinic in Peninsular Malaysia. Two hundred and thirty respondents aged 60 years old and above with Type 2 diabetes was included after screening. Questionnaire used comprised of socio demographic, medical history, anthropometric measurement, dietary intake using Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ) and physical activity using International Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ) was collected and analyzed.

Results: Mean age of respondents was 67.93 ± 5.84 and 74% had poor glycaemic control. There was significant association between age (p=0.014), living arrangement (p=0.002), consuming non- home cooked food (p=0.039) and having dinner alone (p=0.002) with poor control. Malays (OR 2.5 95% CI), first diagnosed aged less than 50 years (OR 5.33 CI 95%), having lunch alone (OR 2.69 CI 95%), taking daily lunch (OR 10.34 CI 95%), problems with mobility (OR2.12 CI 95%) and consume two glasses of alcohol per week (OR 6.16 CI 95%) were significantly associated with poor glycaemic control.

Conclusion: Lifestyle modification among older type 2 Diabetes needs to be looked into so that appropriate measures can be addressed.