Main Organiser

Julius Centre University of Malaya

Co-organiser

Department of Social and Preventive Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Malay

Supported by

University of Malaya

RELIABILITY AND VALIDITY OF THE MALAY VERSION OF HOMOSEXUALITY ATTITUDE SCALE (MVHAS): A STUDY ON A GROUP OF MEDICAL STUDENTS IN MALAYSIA

Author

Ng C G

Institution

Department of Psychological Medicine, University Malaya

Abstract

Objectives: To study the validity and reliability of the Malay version of Homosexuality Attitude Scale (MVHAS) among a group of medical students in a teaching hospital in Malaysia.

Methods: This is a cross-sectional study involved 113 university students. They were given the MVHAS, Index of Attitudes Toward Homosexuals (IAH), Attitudes Towards Lesbian and Gay Male Scale (ATLG) and the English version of Homosexuality Attitude Scale. Two weeks later, these students were again given the MVHAS.

Results: Factorial analysis identified 4 components, namely moral perception, interpersonal relationship, stigmatization and social distancing. Significant correlation was found between the overall scores of MVHAS and each component with IAH and ATLG. The scale was able to discriminate Muslim and Non-Muslim students. The scale displayed good internal consistency (Cronbach’s alpha = 0.92) with its components ranged from 0.63 to 0.87. The parallel form reliability (Pearson’s correlation) of MVHAS was 0.85 with its components ranged from 0.72 to 0.81. The test- retest reliability of MVHAS was good (Intraclass correlation coefficient, ICC=0.89) and its components (ICC=0.62-0.76) except social distancing (ICC=0.48).

Conclusion: The MVHAS demonstrated good psychometric properties in measuring attitude toward homosexuality and it could be used as a simple instrument on young educated Malaysian adolescents.