Main Organiser

Julius Centre University of Malaya

Co-organiser

Department of Social and Preventive Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Malay

Supported by

University of Malaya

PREVALENCE AND FACTOR ASSOCIATED WITH HIV/AIDS RELATED STIGMA AND DISCRIMINATORY ATTITUDES: A CROSS- SECTIONAL NATIONWIDE STUDY

Author

Wong LP

Institution

University of Malaya

Abstract

Objectives: This study aimed to assess HIV/AIDS- related self stigma and discrimination of people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA).

Methods: A national telephone survey was carried out with 2271 Malaysian public aged 18- 60 years. The sample was contacted by random-digit dialing covering the whole of Peninsula Malaysia during Dec 2010- May 2011.

Results: With higher scores indicate less level of stigma and discriminatory attitudes, the mean scores were as follows: Self-stigma scale 2.03±1.69 (range, 0-6), discrimination towards PLWHA scale 14.20±3.72 (range, 0-24), and discrimination towards interacting with PLWHA scale 20.30±6.51 (range, 0-42). HIV prevention knowledge score was positively correlated with discrimination towards PLWHA score (Pearson’s r=0.15, p<0.001), but negatively correlated with discrimination towards interacting with PLWHA score (r=-0.10, p<0.001). In multiple linear regression analysis, the socio- demographic factors associated significantly with high level of self-stigma were being a Malay (vs. Indian) and from rural area (vs. sub-urban). Low educational level, low income and being Malay were associated significantly with high discriminatory attitudes towards PLWHA. Older age group, being Malay and Chinese (vs. Indian) was associated significantly with high discriminatory attitudes towards interacting with PLWHA.

Conclusion: Study uncovered a range of self-stigma and discriminatory attitudes and its associated factors that provide useful insights for future intervention programs.