Main Organiser

Julius Centre University of Malaya

Co-organiser

Department of Social and Preventive Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Malay

Supported by

University of Malaya

A COMPARISON OF PSYCHOSOCIAL FACTORS RELATED TO PARTICIPATION LEVELS IN BREAST CANCER PREVENTION PROGRAMS AMONG IRANIAN WOMEN

Author

Abu Samah, Ahmadian M

Institution

Universiti Putra Malaysia

Abstract

Objectives: Breast cancer prevention programs need high level of motivation for the women to participate. Such motivation can also come from a preventive health behavior (e.g. doing mammography) of the target population. This study aims to assess psychological and individual factors related to participation levels in breast cancer prevention programs among women currently adherent to mammography in Iran.

Methods: A cross-sectional study of women (n =400) aged 35-69 years old was carried out by interviewing the subjects face-to-face. The participation levels of 86 women who have had a mammogram were studied based on their self- efficacy, belief, social influence, and barriers to mammography.

Results: The findings demonstrated that women who have participated in the higher level, obtained greater belief and social influence toward mammography utilization than those in the lower level. In contrast, women with higher level of participation showed lower barriers in doing mammography. Above all, there was not a significant difference in self-efficacy in relation to mammography among participating women.

Conclusion: Appreciating the impact of various psycho-social characteristics of individuals on preventive behavior may offer a better understanding of participation levels, and thus may reduce participation barriers for the optimal improvement of women participation in breast cancer prevention programs.