Main Organiser

Julius Centre University of Malaya

Co-organiser

Department of Social and Preventive Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Malay

Supported by

University of Malaya

RISK PERCEPTION ON CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE AMONG ADULTS IN RURAL POPULATION IN MALAYSIA: A PILOT STUDY

Author

Nazar M. Azahar, Ambigga S. Krishnapillai, Shahril A. Saman, Khalid Yusoff

Institution

Faculty of Medicine, Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM), Malaysia

Abstract

Objectives: Perception of cardiovascular disease among adults in Malaysia has not been studied until recently. Risk perception is an important component to bring about changes in unhealthy lifestyle practices. This study will assess the validity of the Risk and Behaviour Questionnaire in measuring the risk perception for cardiovascular diseases.

Methods: A modified Risk and Behaviour Questionnaire was administered randomly to 30 respondents aged among 30-70 years in a rural area in Sungai Buloh. The questionnaire was back to back translated into Bahasa Malaysia by a local translator with advice from experts. Reliability was assessed using corrected item-total correlation and Cronbach’s alpha coefficient.

Results: Data from 30 respondents (mean ± SD age, 52 ± 10 years) showed that the scale has high value for Cronbach’s alpha (a=0.972). Each item correlates well with total scale since all the individual items have values of more than 0.3. Item no 12 has the lowest value for Corrected Item- Total Correlation but deletion of this item does not change the Alpha value.

Conclusion: The translated version of the Risk and Behaviour Questionnaire has high reliability and good internal consistency. This questionnaire is as reliable as its original version.