Main Organiser

Julius Centre University of Malaya

Co-organiser

Department of Social and Preventive Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Malay

Supported by

University of Malaya

SHARP INJURIES AMONG MEDICAL, DENTISTRY AND NURSING STUDENTS IN A TEACHING HOSPITAL, INDONESIA

Author

Haroen H 1 , Sari SY 1 , Afriandi 1,2 , Raksanagara AS 2 , De Schryver A 3 , Meheus

Institution

1. Faculty of Nursing, Padjadjaran University, Bandung, Indonesia
2. Department of Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, Padjadjaran University, Bandung, Indonesia
3. Department of Epidemiology and Social Medicine, Antwerp University, Antwerp, Belgium

Abstract

Objectives: To measure frequency of sharp injuries (SI), perceived risk of blood-borne infection (BBI), and training on Universal Precaution (UP) among medical, dentistry and nursing students.

Methods: Cross-sectional, self-administered, anonymous survey conducted among medical, dentistry and nursing students working in Hasan Sadikin teaching hospital in Bandung, West-Java. All students having had an internship period for minimal one year were included.

Results: The questionnaire was completed by 500 respondents (87% of 574 students). Within one year, 73% of medical students, 35.7% of dentistry students and 45.5% of nursing students experienced at least one SI; total number of 791 SI were reported and number of injuries/students is 2.6 (medical); 1.3 (dentistry); 0.8 (nursing). Injury was caused by broken glass 32%, intravenous catheter 21%, recapping 14%, suturing needle 8% and bending needle 3%. SI occurred mostly in emergency room (42%). Of all students 83.8% considered insufficient facilities and 73.2% urgent response as the cause of SI. Most respondents (99.4%) perceived them-self at risk for an occupational BBI. Almost all of the students (97.2%) knew about UP, however only 25% of them had particular training on UP.

Conclusion: Medical, dentistry and nursing students have significant potential exposure to BBI mainly due to occupational SI. Rate of SI is higher among medical students. Prompt and continuous specific training on UP and overall infection prevention for students should be improved