Main Organiser

Julius Centre University of Malaya


Department of Social and Preventive Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Malay

Supported by

University of Malaya



Isahak M, Darus A, Moy FM, Retneswari M.


Department of Social and Preventive Medicine, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur.


Objectives: This study was aim to investigate the prevalence of depression, anxiety and stress among workers in a public university and to determine their association with socio- demographic and occupational background.

Methods: A total of 150 subjects were recruited to join the study. Baseline information of subject’s age, gender, race, occupational class, employment status, employment duration, marital status, smoking status and exercise adequacy was obtained. Self-perceived depression, anxiety and stress were measured via Malay-version Depression, Anxiety and Stress questionnaire.

Results: Prevalence of at least mild depression, anxiety and stress among subjects were 38.7%, 74.7% and 58.7% respectively. Surprisingly, contract workers have significantly lower depression, anxiety and stress score as compared to permanent workers. There was a significant different between Malay and Chinese depression symptom score (p < 0.01). Female significantly have higher depression (p < 0.05) and anxiety (p < 0.05) score as compared to male. Those who exercise adequately also have significantly lower depression (p < 0.01) and anxiety (p < 0.05) score as compared to those who not doing exercise at all. Other variables such as age, smoking status, occupational class, educational level and duration of employment found to have no significant association with level of depression, anxiety and stress score.

Conclusion: Depression, anxiety and stress are more prone to certain group of people. Their social lifestyle and occupational background have a significant value in predicting their psychological symptoms. Stress management can be done and targeted at specific group of workers who at higher risk of getting psychological problems.