Main Organiser

Julius Centre University of Malaya

Co-organiser

Department of Social and Preventive Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Malay

Supported by

University of Malaya

PREVALENCE AND ASSOCIATED FACTORS OF STRESS AMONG POLICE OFFICERS IN THE FEDERAL TERRITORY OF KUALA LUMPUR, MALAYSIA

Author

Retneswari M, Awang Bulgiba, David Koh, Karuthan C, Darus A, Ansem ST, Marzuki I, Shathanapriya K

Institution

University of Malaya

Abstract

Objectives: Law enforcement is inherently a stressful occupation and there is a need to identify the associated factors of stress to recommend mitigation measures in the city of Kuala Lumpur. To study the prevalence and associated factors of stress among police officers in the Federal Territory of Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

Methods: This was a cross-sectional study undertaken in 2011. Cluster sampling was done to choose 2 district police headquarters and all police stations under them in Kuala Lumpur. Five hundred and seventy nine subjects participated in the study. The stress component of the validated Malay version of the Depression, Anxiety and Stress questionnaire was used as the research instrument.

Results: The prevalence of stress levels reported among police officers was 17.1% mild, 13.3% moderate and 5.9% severe to very severe stress. Job rank, place of work and salary commensurate with job were significantly associated with the stress levels. The inspectors reported the highest level of stress compared to corporals, sergeants and the management group. Those working at the police headquarter experienced more stress than working at the police station. Subjects who responded that salary did not commensurate with their job reported more stress.

Conclusion: The associated factors of stress identified in this study should be considered while instituting preventive measures to alleviate stress among police officers who are more prone to stress.