Main Organiser

Julius Centre University of Malaya

Co-organiser

Department of Social and Preventive Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Malay

Supported by

University of Malaya

VULNERABLE ROAD USERS – UNDERSTANDING ANATOMICAL INJURY SEVERITY IN ROAD CRASHES FOR INJURY PREVENTION

Author

Hashim H H, Sarani R.

Institution

Malaysian Institute of Road Safety Research (MIROS)

Abstract

Objectives: This study aimed to describe the anatomical injury severity of Vulnerable Road Users (VRU) and potential injury prevention activities.

Methods: Details on road injuries were collected from Emergency Departments in six general hospitals in Klang Valley and coded into Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS) for anatomical injury assessment and Injury Severity Score (ISS) were calculated.

Results: A total of 31,178 VRU crash victims were enrolled, of which 941 (3%) were major trauma (ISS = 12). Most number of injuries sustained by motorcyclist and cyclist were at external region with 59.1% and 58.1% respectively. Severe injuries (AIS = 3) for motorcyclist and cyclist frequently occurred at head/neck region (43.4% and 57.73%) and frequently occurred at the cerebrum region. Pedestrian injuries frequently occurred at the external region (44.5%). Severe injuries for pedestrian were found to be common at head/neck region (46.9%) with majority at cerebrum region.

Conclusion: Availability of road crash injury details is useful to help researchers and engineers to design for new or improved safety devices that can help to reduce VRU injuries in road crashes and provide insight to the medical team on frequent type of injuries normally occurred to VRUs.