Main Organiser

Julius Centre University of Malaya

Co-organiser

Department of Social and Preventive Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Malay

Supported by

University of Malaya

SEVERITY OF SUICIDAL IDEATION AMONG PSYCHIATRIC OUTPATIENTS

Author

Aishvarya Sinniah 1,2 , Karuthan Chinna 3 , T Maniam 1 , Oei TPS 2

Institution

1. University Kebangsaan Malaysia, Malaysia
2. CBT Unit, Toowong Hospital
3. University of Queensland, Australia

Abstract

Objectives: Suicidal ideation is known to be a risk factor for suicide attempt and completed suicide. This study aims to look at the suicidal ideation among psychiatric outpatients.

Methods: Three hundred and thirty three psychiatric patients, with the diagnosis of depressive disorders, anxiety disorders and comorbid depressive and anxiety disorders, were compared with two hundred matched control patients who attended outpatient clinics with other medical illnesses. Factors assessed were: socio-demographic profile, suicide ideation, and history of suicide attempts.

Results: Psychiatric patients were found to be (OR) 20.4 (CI: 6.35, 65.58) times more likely to have suicidal ideation compared to the control group. When other demographic factors were controlled for, it was found that psychiatric patients were (OR) 19.7 (CI : 6.07, 64.07) more likely to have suicidal ideation compared to the control group. Other factors significantly associated with suicidal ideation were being divorced (CI: 1.81, 0.280) and female gender (CI: 1.28, 5.64). Patients with comorbid depressive and anxiety disorders had higher score on suicidal ideation compared to patients with the diagnosis of either depressive or anxiety disorders.

Conclusion : Suicidal ideation need to be given closer medical attention especially among psychiatric patients