Main Organiser

Julius Centre University of Malaya

Co-organiser

Department of Social and Preventive Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Malay

Supported by

University of Malaya

THE INFULENCE OF MOTHER’S EMBRACE TO THE LEVEL OF INFANT PAIN DURING AN IMUNIZATON INJECTION

Author

Arie Kusumaningrum

Institution

Sriwijaya University

Abstract

Objectives: This research is conducted to know the influence of mother’s embrace to the level of infant pain during an immunization injection in Puskesmas Indralaya Ogan Ilir.

Methods: This study is a quasi-experiment with a static group comparison design. Samples of this research are 24 infants (14 control, 10 intervention).

Results: Characteristics age of infants are 177,71±80,98 days (mean±SD) and weight are 7091,67±1789,32 gram. The types of the immunization are DPT (55%), Measles (29.3%) and Combo (15.7%). Using Mann Whitney test, it is known from the research’s result that there are differences in the levels of pain (FLACC) (p=0, 000; alpha = 0, 05) and durations of facial pain between the control group and the intervention. By FLACC parameter and durations of facial pain (face scale: 5), it is also known that the age of infants, weight of infants, and immunization types did not affect infant pain when mothers were embracing them during the immunization injections.

Conclusion: Mother’s embrace have a significant influence to the level of infant pain during an immunization injection. It is recommended for health workers to apply this kind of embracing as the non-pharmacology management to reducing infant pain during the immunization injection.