Main Organiser

Julius Centre University of Malaya

Co-organiser

Department of Social and Preventive Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Malay

Supported by

University of Malaya

PATIENTS’ KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDE AND PRACTICE REGARDING PANDEMIC INFLUENZA A (H1N1) AND ITS PREVENTION

Author

Parhizkar S, Latiff LA, Zainuddin H

Institution

Yasouj University of Medical Sciences (YUMS)

Abstract

Objectives: The aim of this was to document patients’ knowledge, attitudes and practices (KAP) regarding the pandemic influenza A (H1N1) and its prevention.

Methods: The subjects of this cross-sectional study involved 322 patients attending Klinik Kesihatan Jinjang, a primary health care clinic in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia from May 10 to 26, 2010 using a face to face interview with a structured pre-tested questionnaire.

Results: The results indicated a significant association between knowledge on the complication of H1N1, effectiveness of the treatment, preventive measures of Influenza A (H1N1) and race (p<0.001) and educational level (p<0.001). There were also significant associations between patients attitude and their gender (p=0.03), and educational level (p=0.001). Patients’ practice also were significantly associated with race (p<0.001) and educational level (p<0.001). The significant associations were observed between knowledge and attitude (p<0.001), knowledge and practices (p<0.001), as well as attitude and practices (p<0.001).

Conclusion: Intensive effort should be focused at educating general population to practice preventive practices learnt in the previous pandemic to prevent future epidemics.