Main Organiser

Julius Centre University of Malaya

Co-organiser

Department of Social and Preventive Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Malay

Supported by

University of Malaya

CHILDREN’S BASIC KNOWLEDGE AND ACTIVITIES FOR DENGUE PROBLEM SOLUTION: AN ISLAMIC RELIGIOUS SCHOOL, SOUTHERN, THAILAND

Author

Suwanbamrung Charuai

Institution

School of Nursing Walailak University, Nakhorn Si Thammarat Province, Thailand

Abstract

Objectives: 1) to defined the basic knowledge of dengue problem solution, 2) to build the activities of children, and 3) to evaluate results pre and post- intervention.

Methods: Participatory Action Research (PAR) study was applied to five phases: 1) preparation, 2) assessment, 3) children’s plan, 4) implementation, and 5) evaluation. The children’s reflective were reported by draw pictures and activities. Basic knowledge of dengue was evaluated by the questionnaires (17 items) and analysis pre and post-intervention by Independent T-Test statistic method. Larval Indices (HI, BI, and CI) were ratio analysis.

Results: “The Recycle garbage bank”; “dengue prevention promotion”, and “education of dengue taking” were core children’ activities. Children’s reflection showed five categories of picture that understood on dengue problem solution. The children’s knowledge showed increasing from pre- intervention (Mean, SD: 13.63, 2.17) to post- intervention (Mean, SD: 15.71, 1.54), and different statistic significant (P<.001). Larval indices (BI, HI, and CI) of post-intervention were decreased, and not found morbidity and mortality rate.

Conclusion: Although there were increasing the children’ knowledge and activities, and decreasing larval indices ratio, the high risk for dengue epidemic might be found because the larval indices were higher than the standard index. Then, the serious children’ activities are needed continuous.