Main Organiser

Julius Centre University of Malaya

Co-organiser

Department of Social and Preventive Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Malay

Supported by

University of Malaya

VALIDITY AND RELIABILITY OF THE EASY- CARE STANDARD 2010 QUESTIONNAIRE IN ASSESSING ELDERLY PEOPLE ATTENDING A PRIMARY CARE CLINIC

Author

Valarmathi M 1 , Ee Ming Khoo 1 , Karuthan Chinna 2 , Sajaratulnisah Othman 1 , Wah Yun Low 3 , Chirk Jenn Ng 1 , Ian Philp 4,5

Institution

1 Department of Primary Care Medicine, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
2 Department of Social and Preventive Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Malaya
3 MeRDU Unit, Faculty of Medicine, University of Malaya
4 South Warwick NHS Foundation Trust, UK
5 Warwick Medical School, University of Warwick, UK

Abstract

Objectives: EASY-Care Standard 2010 questionnaire is a patient-centered tool used to provide a comprehensive assessment of the elderly. The objective of this paper is to determine the validity and reliability of the questionnaire in elderly people attending a Malaysian primary care clinic.

Methods: Face and content validity of the EASY- Care questionnaire were first assessed by an expert panel and a group of patients. Amendments were made and pilot study was done. Elderly patients aged 60 years and above attending an urban public primary care clinic in Kuala Lumpur were approached and 337 patients consented to study. The questionnaire was self-administered.

Results: The Independence Score (IS), based on 17 items in the EASY-Care, was found to have a good internal consistency, with Cronbach alpha value of 0.78. The mean IS was 5.09 ± 8.64, median was 2 (IQR = 7). The mean score for the Risk of Breakdown in Care Score was 2.04±1.68 and the mean Risk of Fall Score was 0.49±0.73. Test-retest reliability showed most items had moderate to perfect agreement. ROC analysis showed an IS score of 2.5 has a sensitivity of 66%, specificity of 61% for need for support.

Conclusion: The IS in the EASY-Care questionnaire is a valid and reliable tool to assess elderly people for need for support