Main Organiser

Julius Centre University of Malaya

Co-organiser

Department of Social and Preventive Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Malay

Supported by

University of Malaya

APPROACH TO EVIDENCE BASED MEDICINE IN MEDICAL CURRICULUM IN IRAN: AN ACTION RESEARCH

Author

Chaman R, Dadgari A

Institution

Shahroud University of Medical Sciences

Abstract

Objectives: As a first experience, in Shahroud University of Medical Sciences which is located in Eastern area of Iran, Evidence Based Medicine (EBM) has been integrated into a medical curriculum, since 2008. Objectives of this research are to integrate best research evidence with clinical expertise and patient expectations and values.

Methods: In this action research, EBM is integrated into the curriculum using two consecutive courses as EBM1 (Introduction to EBM) and EBM2 (EBM in practice). The PICO (Population, Intervention, Comparison, Outcome) Model is used to define clinical questions in EBM1 and EBM2 is conducted to acquire 5A skills (Asking, Acquiring, Apprising, Applying and Assessing). Moreover, faculty members participated in three workshops to upgrade their knowledge regarding application of EBM.

Results: The major findings are; ability of medical students on purposeful academic search, article finding and management of the cases based on the best evidences. EBM courses are very helpful for medical students to keep their skills up to date.

Conclusion: To apply the current best evidences in making decisions about care of individual patients, there is a consensus on importance of EBM in newly introduce medical curricula especially in developing countries.