Main Organiser

Julius Centre University of Malaya

Co-organiser

Department of Social and Preventive Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Malay

Supported by

University of Malaya

CHRONIC PAIN IN ASIAN ADULT: DEFINITION, MEASUREMENT STRATEGY AND PREVALENCE. A SYSTEMATIC REVIEW

Author

Lily R Mohamed Zaki, Noran N Hairi

Institution

University of Malaya

Abstract

Objectives: Prevalence of chronic pain varies among countries due to different in definitions used, methodology and population make up. Since pain reporting practices and manifestations were different among Asian and western, therefore it is impossible to extrapolate the western data to Asian people. This review aimed to identify definition of Chronic Pain and measurement strategy used in different literatures in Asian and to quantify prevalence of chronic pain in Asian.

Methods: Electronic search, manual search of references list and hand search were performed using specific search term to identify relevant articles. Two authors (LR, NNH) reviewed and critically appraised all articles.

Results: Seven relevant articles were found for this review. Most articles (six out of seven) used definition set up by International Association for the Study of Pain (IASP). Four out of seven articles used a validated and reliable questionnaire to measure chronic pain and prevalence of chronic pain among Asian countries varies from 7.1% (Malaysia) to 50.1% (Nepal, India).

Conclusion: This review showed that the prevalence of chronic pain varies among Asian countries despite using similar or approximate definition. Therefore generalization of chronic pain findings is impossible. Prevalence is also high and therefore more research is needed to increase understanding of this topic.