Main Organiser

Julius Centre University of Malaya

Co-organiser

Department of Social and Preventive Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Malay

Supported by

University of Malaya

PREVALENCE OF OVERWEIGHT AND OBESITY IN PATIENTS WITH KNEE OSTEOARTHRITIS: A CROSS SECTIONAL STUDY

Author

Vikram Mohan

Institution

Universiti Teknologi MARA

Abstract

Objectives: To investigate the prevalence of overweight and obesity among knee OA patients and to examine the relationship between BMI and socio-demographic factors such as age, gender and race among patients with knee OA.

Methods: A total of 140 OA knee subjects (114 female and 26 male) aged between 40-78 years with mean ± SD age of 57.76 ± 8.951, were recruited over a year from a Malaysian government hospital. Subjects were selected based on the inclusion and exclusion criteria set by the study. Data was collected using a questionnaire. Descriptive and inferential statistics such as Pearson correlation, Independent-sample t test and Chi-square tests were used to analyze the data.

Results: The results of the study showed the overall prevalence rates of overweight and obesity among OA patients were 55.7% and 25.7% respectively. The incidence was higher among the age group ranged between 51-60 years with overweight (22.9%) and obesity (15.0%). The prevalence of overweight and obesity on females are (44.3%, 28.6%) and it was more common among Malay females (28.6%, 10.0%). No significant relationship was noted between BMI and socio-demographic factors such as age, gender and race (p>0.05).

Conclusion: This study has showed that the prevalence of overweight and obesity was fairly high among OA knee patients. The female was found to be more overweight and obese among OA patients.