Main Organiser

Julius Centre University of Malaya

Co-organiser

Department of Social and Preventive Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Malay

Supported by

University of Malaya

LOW BONE MINERAL DENSITY IN PATIENTS REFERRED FOR DEXA SCAN IN A TERTIARY CARE HOSPITAL IN AJMAN, UAE

Author

Jayakumary Muttappallymyalil, Tarek Fawzy, Jayadevan Sreedharan, Salma Obaid Saeed Alshamsi, Mariyam Saif Salim Humaid Bin Bader Al Ali, Khawla Ahmed Al Balsooshi, Amal Ahmed

Institution

Gulf Medical University, Ajman, UAE

Abstract

Objectives: This study was conducted to assess the proportion of osteopenia and osteoporosis among patients referred for bone mineral density testing using DEXA in a tertiary care hospital in Ajman, UAE

Methods: This prospective study was conducted among patients above 30 years, both gender referred for bone mineral density testing using DEXA scan from 2009 to 2011 participated in the study. The definitions developed by World Health Organization, for osteopenia and osteoporosis, are used in the study. These definitions are based on a T-score. Data analysis performed on SPSS 19 version.

Results: Of 444 participants’ 11 of them had severe osteoporosis, 99 osteoporosis, 160 low bone mass and 174 normal bone mass. There was no statistically significant association between gender and status of bone mineral density. Among the age group, 30-39 years have 42% and 70 years and above it was 82% (p<0.001). The prevalence among participants who had more than 18 years of education was 58.3% where in participant with 1-4 years of education has high prevalence of low bone mass (77.8%) (p<0.001).

Conclusion: The prevalence of low bone mineral density increases as age increases. The difference in age distribution will help the clinicians to identify the risk group for DEXA scan.