Main Organiser

Julius Centre University of Malaya


Department of Social and Preventive Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Malay

Supported by

University of Malaya



Jayadevan Sreedharan, Tarek Fawzy, Jayakumary Muttappallymyalil, Salma Obaid Saeed Alshamsi, Mariyam Saif Salim Humaid Bin Bader Al Ali, Khawla Ahmed Al Balsooshi, Amal Ahmed


Gulf Medical University, Ajman, UAE


Objectives: Risk factors associated with low bone mineral density among patients referred for bone mineral density testing using DEXA scan in a tertiary care hospital in Ajman, UAE was assessed.

Methods: This study was conducted among patients referred for bone mineral density testing from 2009 to 2011. Factors associated with low bone mineral density was obtained by direct interview using a questionnaire. Categorization of bone mineral density was done according to WHO. The Data analysis performed on SPSS 19 version.

Results: Among the total, 174 were with normal bone mineral density and 270 with low bone mineral density. Their age ranges from 30-80 years, 70 were males and 374 were females. There was statistically significant higher BMI in normal bone mineral density subjects compared to low bone mineral group. There was a statistically significant association between bone mineral status and physical activity, clothing style, color of the cloth, exposure to sunlight, maternal kyphosis, vitamin D supplement, calcium supplement and consumption of milk or dairy products. After adjusting other factors the OR increases as age increases (p<0.01), those without sunbath the chance increased by 3.28 times with CI (1.22-8.23), with family history of low bone mineral density increases the chance by 2.57 times with CI (1.37-4.85), and for a unit increase in height a 4% reduction was observed (0.93-0.99).

Conclusion: Certain modifiable factors were associated with low bone mineral density and non- pharmacological intervention may help to reduce the occurrence of low bone mineral density.