Main Organiser

Julius Centre University of Malaya

Co-organiser

Department of Social and Preventive Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Malay

Supported by

University of Malaya

RISE IN PREVALENCE AND MORTALITY OF HIV/AIDS IN ASEAN COUNTRIES IN LAST TWO DECADES

Author

Mann K., Wadhwa A., Sharma D., Kataria A

Institution

HERON Health Pvt. Ltd.

Abstract

Objectives: To examine the trend of prevalence and mortality for HIV/AIDS in member countries of Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) in the last two decades (1990 onwards).

Methods: Searches were conducted in databases provided by WHO, UNICEF, and UNAIDS and HIV/AIDS registries of ASEAN countries (Brunei Darussalam, Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, and Vietnam) to retrieve epidemiological data for HIV/AIDS in the ASEAN countries.

Results: There were approximately 34 million people living with HIV/AIDS worldwide in 2010. In the last two decades, prevalence has doubled (1990: 0.2%; 2009: 0.4%) and number of people living with the disease increased four-fold (1990: 0.4 million; 2009: 1.5 million) in ASEAN countries, with an alarming increase in the number of deaths (1990: 3600; 2009: 77 700). Among these ASEAN countries, Thailand reported the highest prevalence (1990: 1.0%; 2009: 1.3%) and mortality (1990: 1100; 2009: 28 000) due to this disease.

Conclusion: In the last two decades, a tremendous increase in prevalence and mortality of HIV/AIDS has been observed in the ASEAN countries. The expanding HIV/AIDS epidemic is one of the greatest threats to human health. By bringing new and more focused attention to prevention, the spread of this deadly disease can be controlled.