Main Organiser

Julius Centre University of Malaya

Co-organiser

Department of Social and Preventive Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Malay

Supported by

University of Malaya

KNOWLEDGE AND ATTITUDES TOWARDS HEPATITIS B: A SURVEY AMONG DENTAL STUDENTS IN AJMAN, UAE

Author

Gamini Premadasa, Maha Sadek, Arjuna Ellepola, Jayadevan Sreedharan, Jayakumary Muttapallymyalil

Institution

Medical Education Unit, College of Dentistry, Research Division, Gulf Medical University, Ajman, UAE

Abstract

Objectives: This study aimed to assess the dental students’ knowledge of Hepatitis B and the transmission of the diseases.

Methods: Using a structured questionnaire 106 dental students in the first four years of an undergraduate program were surveyed on knowledge about Hepatitis B. The difference in knowledge score in gender and years of study were analyzed with Wilcoxon signed-rank test and Kruskal-Wallis one-way ANOVA.

Results: The majority (74%) possessed a satisfactory level (More than 50% score) of knowledge. The median score for knowledge was 13 (total score 18) with a SD of 4. The knowledge score was more in females (13) compared to males (9) and difference was statistically significant (p<0.05). The level of knowledge of the fourth year students was higher (14±1.5) than those in Year 3 (13±3.4), Year 2 (12±3.1), and Year 1 (8±4.5). The difference in median score was statistically significant (p<0.001).

Conclusion: The student’s knowledge about mode of transmission and treatment was satisfactory. Appropriate educational programs would enhance their knowledge and contribute to more desirable attitudes towards Hepatitis B carriers, resulting in patients receiving the treatment they deserve.