Main Organiser

Julius Centre University of Malaya

Co-organiser

Department of Social and Preventive Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Malay

Supported by

University of Malaya

GEOGRAPHICAL DISTRIBUTION OF ESOPHAGEAL CANCER IN ARDABIL PROVINCE NORTH-WEST OF IRAN

Author

Amani F, Sadeghiyeh S, Yazdanbod A , Akhgari L

Institution

Department of Biostatistics, Faculty of Medicine, Ardabil University of Medical Science, Ardabil, Iran

Abstract

Objectives: In this research, the geographical distribution of esophageal cancer and its risk factors in Ardabil province and distance from Sabalan Volcano Mount are studied.

Methods: This cross-sectional study has been done on 661 patients during 2002-2011 in Ardabil province North West of Iran. The data derived from the documents of Aras clinic in Imam Khomeini hospital. Collected data analyzed by statistically methods in SPSS.10 and GIS software. The geographic distribution of esophagus cancer in Ardabil province presented by maps.

Results: 661 pathologically confirmed esophageal cancers from 2002 through 2011 were included in this study. Squamous cell carcinoma was the dominant tumor histology and it was more common in males. In addition the majority of the patients are rurals and about 40% of the patients have smoking habits as the esophageal cancer risk

factors.

Conclusion: Results confirmed that the Sabalan volcano mount can be considered as one of the main environmental factors that can lead to cancer.