Main Organiser

Julius Centre University of Malaya

Co-organiser

Department of Social and Preventive Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Malay

Supported by

University of Malaya

STROKE INCIDENCE IN THE SOUTH WEST DISTRICT OF THE PENANG ISLAND, MALAYSIA

Author

M. Neelamegam, I. Looi, Cheah W. K, Ong L. M

Institution

Clinical Research Centre, Penang Hospital, Clinical Research Centre Hospital Seberang Jaya, Clinical Research Centre, Hospital Taiping

Abstract

Objectives: This community based incidence study aims to report the stroke incidence in the south west region of the Penang Island.

Methods: All strokes occurring in the population of residents in the southwest region of the Penang Island, Malaysia during a period of 12 months, from April 2010 to March 2011 were screened and assessed. Standard definitions for stroke were used. All stroke cases were ascertained using multiple overlapping sources. Incidence rate was based on first ever in a lifetime stroke cases. All recurrent strokes were excluded from the incidence count.

Results: A total of (357) number of strokes occurred among (462) cases screened during the study period. (249) of the strokes were first-ever- in-a-lifetime strokes. The crude annual incidence rate was (127) per 100,000 per year.

Conclusion: The incidence rate of stroke in the south west region of the Penang Island is very much lower to that of many rates reported for other Asian regions.