Main Organiser

Julius Centre University of Malaya

Co-organiser

Department of Social and Preventive Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Malay

Supported by

University of Malaya

ANALYSIS ON EVALUATION OF QUALITY OF LIFE IN HYPERTENSIVE PATIENT BY USING SHORT FORM 36 IN THE MUAR DISTRICT, JOHORE

Author

Mohd Anuar Bin Abd Rahman

Institution

Muar District Health Office

Abstract

Objectives: Hypertension is one the most common chronic disease in Muar. This study was done to determine the impacts on quality of life among hypertensive patients using SF-36.

Methods: The data of SF-36 was generated from a cross sectional study which was performed on 460 hypertensive patients who had came for treatments at the government health clinics in Muar from November 1st 2010 until January 31st 2011. The data of SF-36 was collected by interviews. The data was tabulated and analyzed using SPSS software. Quantitative data was described using median value and interquartile range. Meanwhile, a correlation test was performed to show the correlation between variables studied.

Results: The result of the study showed in hypertensive patient, the physical component (Median=72.50, IQR=56.50-82.75) more affected compared to mental component (Median=73.63, IQR=65.00-80.50). Among domains in physical component the lowest score was general health (Median=62.00, IQR=52.00-72.00), bodily pain (Median=62.00, IQR=52.00-74.00), physical functioning (Median=80.00, IQR=55.00-90.00) and the best score was role of physical (Median=100.00, IQR=50.00-100.00). Whereas, for mental component the lowest domain’s score was energy (Median=65.00,IQR=55.00-75.00), mental health (Median=64.00-80.00), social functioning (Median=75.00,IQR=62.50-87.50) and the best score was role of emotional (Median=100.00,IQR=100.00-100.00).The correlation test was showed the association between physical and mental component (r = 0.695, p<0.001), the association between duration of having hypertension to mental component (r = - 0.245, p<0.001) and the association between duration of having hypertension to physical component (r = - 0.218, p<0.001).

Conclusion: As for conclusions, the longer duration of hypertension will lead to a higher deterioration on the quality of life. Secondly, the better physical component like prevention of hypertension’s complications such as strokes and heart diseases owned by hypertensive patients will contribute to their better mental health. These factors will be directly able to help in compliance to treatments and medication among hypertensive patients.