Main Organiser

Julius Centre University of Malaya

Co-organiser

Department of Social and Preventive Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Malay

Supported by

University of Malaya

THE EFFECT OF STRESS MANAGEMENT INTERVENTION (SMI) ON JOB DISSATISFACTION AMONG TEACHERS OF THE DISABLED AT COMMUNITY-BASED REHABILITATION CENTERS (CBRS) IN EAST COAST MALAYSIA

Author

Noraziah B , Azriani AR , Mohd Ismail I , Mohd NS, Van Rostenberghe H, Aziah BD

Institution

School of Medical Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 16150 Kubang Kerian, Kelantan

Abstract

Objectives: Psychological characteristics mainly job dissatisfaction and stress are the most influential health hazard in all occupations including those related to human services. Thus this study intended to examine the effect of stress management intervention (SMI) on job dissatisfaction among teachers of the disabled at community-based rehabilitation centers (CBRs) in East Coast Malaysia.

Methods: Participants (n=32) were required to complete Job Content Questionnaire (JCQ) for preliminary assessment of their job dissatisfaction level. Subsequent intervention consisted of aerobic exercise, talks on stress and its management and stress management in religion and spiritual perspectives, video show, group discussion, and pamphlets distribution was carried-out. Job dissatisfaction level was reassessed at immediate- post and 6-weeks-post intervention using the same instrument. Repeated measure ANOVA analysis-- time effect was done to determine the effectiveness of intervention.

Results: The job dissatisfaction score was significantly reduced at the immediate post- intervention (p < 0.016) but not at 6 weeks post- intervention although it was lower than pre- intervention.

Conclusion: A short-course stress management intervention program had been found to be able to reduce job dissatisfaction among these teachers of which the change was significantly seen at the immediate post-intervention.