Main Organiser

Julius Centre University of Malaya

Co-organiser

Department of Social and Preventive Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Malay

Supported by

University of Malaya

COMPLICATIONS OF TYPE 2 DIABETES MELLITUS: AN OPINION SURVEY AMONG DOCTORS IN UNITED ARAB EMIRATES

Author

Elsheba Mathew, Jayadevan Sreedharan, Jayakumary Muttappallymyalil, Salwa Abdelzaher Mabrouk Ibrahim, Annamma Mathew

Institution

Gulf Medical University, Ajman, UAE

Abstract

Objectives: To explore the opinion of the multiethnic practicing physicians in the UAE regarding the complications of type 2 DM seen in their clinical practice.

Methods: The researchers mainly used a snowballing technique to identify internists and general practitioners from clinics and hospitals, starting with one clinic in each emirate. A checklist provided information on how commonly each complication was seen and the ranking of the affected systems, along with profile of the respondent. The data was entered on an excel spread sheet and transferred to SPSS for analysis.

Results: The commonest system reported directly was cardiovascular by 45%, followed by peripheral neuropathy (36.4%) and ocular complications (11%). Considering the first and second rank given by the respondents, most common complication was cardiovascular (64%, 5.3%), with more varied opinion on peripheral neuropathy (48.1%, 28.4%)), and the third ocular complications (16.9%, 43.7%). Hypertension and paresthesia were the most frequently seen specific conditions. The commonest referral was to endocrinology.

Conclusion: Complications being preventable and treatable, a well developed monitoring and screening program including those in clinics and hospitals, combined tailored training for the practicing health professionals and health science students may improve detection and management reducing national burden and bettering quality of life.