Main Organiser

Julius Centre University of Malaya

Co-organiser

Department of Social and Preventive Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Malay

Supported by

University of Malaya

DOES MATERNAL DEPRESSION POSE RISK FACTOR IN MALNOURISHED CHILDREN? : A CASE CONTROL STUDY IN KUALA LANGAT, SELANGOR, MALAYSIA

Author

Maizatul Azlina Chee Din

Institution

Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia

Abstract

Objectives: To determine current maternal depression poses risk factor for malnutrition among young children in rural community.

Methods: A case control study conducted in Kuala Langat district, Selangor. Participants were 124 mothers consist of 62 mothers to malnourished children (case) and 62 mothers to well-nourished children (control).The control group were matched by age, gender and residence. Current maternal depression’s symptom was measured by responding each statement question in accordance to their past two week’s experiences, using a set of local Malay version translated Beck Depression Inventory Second Edition (BDI-II) comprises of 21 item self-report instrument.

Results: Using univariate analysis, current maternal depression was associated with malnutrition (OR 2.2, 95% CI 1.03 – 4.61, p < 0.05). Mothers experience depression have 2.2 times tendency having malnourished children. Meanwhile, other potential determinants; number of children below 5 years, years of mothers education, working status of mothers and household income were not the risk factor of malnutrition.

Conclusion: Current maternal depression is a single risk factor for malnutrition among young children in this studied community. Preliminary screening to detect symptoms of depression should be implemented at the early stage of pregnancy. Optimizing mothers’ mental health should be integrated during postnatal visit which are crucial to intervene detrimental effect in children growth and development.