Main Organiser

Julius Centre University of Malaya

Co-organiser

Department of Social and Preventive Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Malay

Supported by

University of Malaya

WHAT DO ADULTS USE FOR PAIN? A SURVEY IN A MULTI-ETHNIC COMMUNITY

Author

Ng CJ 1 , Teng CL 2 , Nik-Sherina H 1 , Choo CWY 1 , Chia YC 1

Institution

1 University of Malaya
2 International Medical University, Malaysia

Abstract

Objectives: This study aimed to determine the reasons for and pattern of analgesic use among adults in Malaysia.

Methods: This community survey was conducted in Malaysia in 2002-2003. This study used a two- staged cluster sampling approach: (1) one school from each cluster (n=6) was randomly selected from all schools in the respective districts; (2) an adult member of the student’s family (> 18 years of age) was invited to participate in the study. A self- administered questionnaire in English was translated into Chinese and Malay.

Results: The response rate was 56.0%. Headache (66.8%), body ache (13.8%) and toothache (13.7%) were the most common reasons for analgesic use. The most commonly used oral analgesic was paracetamol (67.1%). One in 10 adults did not know the name of the analgesic they took. Malay and Indian ethnicities were independently associated with more analgesic use compared to Chinese across all painful conditions.

Conclusion: The use of analgesic in the community was prevalent. The knowledge of analgesic remained poor. More in-depth studies are needed to explore the reasons of lower analgesic use among the Chinese population.